I am going through Shigley's Mechanical Design book and have a quick question on fasteners. Sometimes when calculating the spring rate for a member, you have to multiply the rate by 2, why is this? For instance in this problem(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

http://imgur.com/2ug9AaR

When the spring rate is calculated for both the cylinder head and cylinder, both spring rates are multiplied by 2 and then added together to get the total Km. (This is not a homework problem)

Thanks.

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# Fastener member stiffness

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