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FBD, Fapplied and Ffriction?

  1. Oct 19, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A toy duck waddles across the floor at constant speed.
    1) How do the magnitubes of Fapplied and Ffriction compare?
    2) If the coefficient of friction is 0.15, what is the maximum forward accelereation the duck can give itself?
    2. Relevant equations
    Ff = coefficient of friction x Normal Force
    Fnet = ma
    Fg = mg

    Kinematics equations:
    v2^2 = V1^2 + 2ad
    V2 = V1 +at

    3. The attempt at a solution
    1) There are two answers i have considered. The first is that there is no applied force done to the object, because the duck is moving of its own accord. The second is that the applied force is equal to the force spent in winding up the duck and that that force is larger than the force of friction.
    I tried substituting 10 kg for the m.
    So, Fg = 9.8 x 10 =98N
    Then, Fn = 98N
    So Ff = 98 x 0.15 = 14.7N
    Fnet = ma
    14.7 = 10 x a
    a = 1.47 m/s^2.
    This is the same as the textbook answer, but i'm not sure if i went about it the right way, nor am i sure about how this answer is right algebraically. Should Ff be equal to Fnet?
    Thanks for the help :)
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 19, 2007 #2


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    You have the correct equation (F_net = ma), but it is not consistent with either of the two considerations you noted. There must be an applied force in order for the duck to move. This force is provided by the friction force between the floor and its feet, whether its a toy duck or a real live one. Unless it was rocket powered, simply winding it up would not allow it to waddle if there was no friction under its feet. There must be a contact force to get it moving. So it is the friction force that actually propels the duck. The max value of the friction is as you noted for a 10Kg mass, but it doesn't matter what the mass is, the acceleration would be the same(the masses cancel out), the friction force is just 0.15mg, the acceleration is just .15g. Now the duck can apply less friction than the max, it would just waddle slower, like if the battery got weak.
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