Ferromagnetism phenomenon

  • Thread starter SkyeSplash
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SkyeSplash

Main Question or Discussion Point

When a magnetic field is applied to a diamagnetic, the dipoles align opposite to the direction of the magnetic field. However, when a magnetic field is applied to a paramagnetic, the dipoles align to the same direction of the magnetic field.

My professor mentioned in class that the phenomenon of diamagnetic and paramagnetic dipole alignment is unexplained and challenged us to find some sort of factual backing for our explanation. I am asking for help, for guidance, for any ideas on this phenomenon.

Any suggestions?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
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When an external field is applied to a diamagnetic substance, screening currents occur to oppose the external field; that is why the induced "dipoles" align opposite to the applied field. Paramagnetic behavior is due to permanent dipoles aligning to the field, reducing the total energy.
 

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