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Fields and Potentials

  1. Nov 10, 2004 #1
    What exactly are they? CAn you maybe explain it 2 me in terms of electromagnetism. im a bit unsure what each of them actually are
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 10, 2004 #2
    In simple terms a Field is an 'area of influence' around a body. A charge, for example sets up a field around it - an area where the charge can be 'felt' (by bodies that feel the Electromagnetic force).

    Potentials are related to Energy. In a field, different positions would give an object placed there, different amounts of energy. For exampmle a body on the Earth's surface will have a different amount of GPE than a body a million miles away from the Earth. The unit of Potential helps explain the concept - J/kg for a gravitational potential, and J/C for Electrical potential.

    You can think of the Gravitational Potential of a point as being the work that would be done in moving unit mass from infinity to that point. Similarly with electric potential - this is the work that would be done in moving unit charge from infinity to that point.
     
    Last edited: Nov 10, 2004
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