Homework Help: Find the Ek of a satilite in orbit

1. Feb 2, 2005

Format

How do you find the Ek of a satilite in orbit with only its mass and acceleration due to gravity?

I did something like..

Fc = Fg
mv²/r = mg <-- g = the acceleration due to gravity

but then i dont have a radius...

How do i solve this?

2. Feb 2, 2005

Justin Lazear

Edit: After reading more carefully, you'll need to equate Newton's expression for gravitational force with the given mg force to determine the radius.

--J

3. Feb 2, 2005

Format

Mind elaborating on that?

4. Feb 2, 2005

F = Gmm/r² ?

5. Feb 2, 2005

Justin Lazear

Yup.

--J

blah blah blah post too short my--

6. Feb 2, 2005

Format

I keep getting Ek = 7.44x10^10 but its 2.99x10^9

?

Last edited: Feb 2, 2005
7. Feb 2, 2005

quasar987

Did you do this?

$$a = \frac{v^2}{R} \Rightarrow v^2 = aR$$

R = ?

$$F = ma \Rightarrow \frac{GM_{earth}m}{R^2} = ma \Rightarrow R = \sqrt{\frac{GM_{earth}}{a}}$$

$$\Rightarrow E_k = \frac{1}{2}ma\sqrt{\frac{GM_{earth}}{a}}$$

8. Feb 2, 2005

Format

Ah now i get it! Thanks for actually showing the steps it really helps lol.

9. Feb 2, 2005

quasar987

No problem. I guess it's okay for me to show you the steps after you've tried to do the problem on your own. But please make sure you understand each of these steps perfectly, otherwise you're not getting out smarter out of this.