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Find the vector and cartesian equations of a plane

  1. Apr 17, 2005 #1
    These are just a few questions that a don't understand and any help would be great.

    1. Prove that the line

    (x-3)/2 = (y-4)/3 = (z-5)/4

    is parallel to the plat 4x + 4y - 5z = 14

    2. Find the equation of the line through (1,0,-2) and perpendicular to the plane
    3x - 4y + z -6 = 0

    I'm assuming you need to find the normal of the plane, but I'm not sure how to do that.

    3. This is the 2nd part of a question: Find the cosine of the angle between the directions of the line in (a) and the line

    (x+2)/2 = y/3 = (z-1)/3

    The line in (a) is (x-1)i + (y-1)j + (z-2)k = t (3i + j + k), which becomes the cartesian equation:

    (x-1)/3 = (y-1)/1 = (z-2)/1

    4. Find the vector and cartesian equations of a plane containing the line

    (x-4)/-2 = (y+3)/1 = (z-1)/3

    I know all the basic things in vectors, but these are a few questions I just want to clear up due to my upcoming exam.

    Any help would be greatly appreciated.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 17, 2005 #2
    For a plane

    [tex] ax+by+cz = d [/tex]

    The normal vector can be denoted by

    [tex] \vec{N} = <a,b,c> [/tex]
     
  4. Apr 17, 2005 #3

    HallsofIvy

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    As whozum told you, a vector perpendicular to the plane is <4, 4,-5>.
    A vector in the direction of the <2, 3, 4> (Set each of those fractions equal to the parameter t and solve for x, y, z). The line will be parallel to the plane if these two vectors are pependicular to one another.

    Whozum's suggestion again. The components of the vector perpendicular to the plane are just the coefficients of the variables.

    So you know that a vector in the direction of the line in (a) is <3, 1, 1> and a vector in the direction of the other line is <3, 1, 1>. What do you think the angle between them is?

    Notice "of a plane". There are an infinite number of planes containing any line- you are only asked to find one. Again, the vector <-2, 1, 3> is in the direction of the line. Any plane containing the line has normal vector perpendicular to that.
    You just need to find one vector perpendicular to that and then be sure the plane contains that line.
     
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