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Finding coefficients

  1. Jun 27, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Find coefficients ##b_n##
    [tex]\sum^{\infty}_{n=0}\frac{t^n}{n!}b_n=e^{\frac{4at}{3}}e^{-\frac{t^2}{3}}[/tex]
    a is constant.


    2. Relevant equations
    [tex]e^x=\sum^{\infty}_{n=0}\frac{x^n}{n!}[/tex]


    3. The attempt at a solution
    Here
    [tex]e^{\frac{t}{3}(4a-t)}=\sum^{\infty}_{n=0}\frac{( \frac{t}{3}(4a-t))^n}{n!}[/tex]
    I tried to use this. But I did not succeed to find given coefficients.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jun 27, 2016
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 27, 2016 #2

    BiGyElLoWhAt

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    Gold Member

    This has to be true for all t, no? So that means you can let t be anything you want. If the coefficients are constants (not functions of t), there should obviously be no dependence on t. 0 comes to mind, but upon inspection, doesn't seem that useful. 1, however... This is assuming b_n = constant. If that's not the case, this doesn't work so well. Considering the language they use is "coefficient", my guess is that it's only a function of n.
     
  4. Jun 27, 2016 #3

    Ray Vickson

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    It will be messy, but in principle it is do-able: just expand ##(4a-t)^n## using the binomial expansion, so that
    [tex] \frac{1}{n!} \left( \frac{1}{3}t (4a-t) \right)^n = \sum_{k=0}^n {n \choose k} (-1)^k \frac{(4a)^{n-k}}{n!\: 3^n} t^{n+k} = \sum_{k=0}^n c_{n,k} x^{n+k} .[/tex]
    For given ##N## the coefficient of ##x^N## is given by summing all the ##c_{n,k}## for which ##n+k=N##.
     
    Last edited: Jun 27, 2016
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