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Homework Help: Finding plasmon dispersion

  1. Jul 13, 2005 #1
    I need help with a problem in solid state physics:

    Find the dispersion relation of long-wavelength plasmons in a simple tetragonal crystal in the case of almost empty band built of s-type orbitals. What happens in the case when [tex]m_{xx} << m_{zz}[/tex] ?

    This is what I did for now (with some help from a friend):

    I started from:

    [tex]\omega^2 = \frac{c^2 k^2}{\epsilon(\omega)}[/tex]

    For wave vector k=0 (this is very long :smile: wavelength approximation) I have formula (from my lectures, but there is also in Ashcroft & Mermin, (26.19)):

    [tex]\epsilon(\omega) = 1 - \frac{\Omega_p^2}{\omega^2}[/tex], where [tex]\Omega_p[/tex] is plasma frequency:

    [tex]\Omega_p^2 = \frac{4\pi e^2 n}{m}[/tex], where m is (I suppose effective?) electron mass, which needs to be found. Effective mass tensor is defined by:

    [tex]m_{ij} = \frac{\hbar^2}{\partial^2 E(k) / \partial k_i \partial k_j}[/tex]

    where E(k) for tetragonal lattice with s-type orbitals is:

    [tex]E(k) = E_s - J \cos(k_x a) - J \cos(k_y a) - J \cos(k_z c)[/tex].

    So what "m" shoud I insert in equation for [tex]\Omega_p[/tex], maybe [tex]\sqrt{2m_{xx}^2 + m_{zz}^2}[/tex] ? In that case last part would be easy.. . Is this making sense ? :uhh:

  2. jcsd
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