# Finding the sum of a series

## Homework Statement

Find the sum of the series e$${(n + 1)/n)}$$ - e$$^{(n + 2)/(n + 1)}$$

## The Attempt at a Solution

Well for starters I got it into the proper format...IE

(((n + 1)/(n))^n)/n! - (((n + 2)/(n + 1))^n)/n!

But then I get a little lost...I would know how to take the limit, find convergence, divergence, but finding sums can be hard...I mean, it doesn't converge fast enough to just take the first few partial sums and be satisfied with that answer...help?

## The Attempt at a Solution

Dick
Homework Helper
Have you considered the possibility that it's a cheap trick? Possibly a telescoping series?

Very close!

But, alas, putting numbers in for n for the first three terms gives...

(2 - 1.5) + (1.125 - .88889) + (.39506 - .3255208)

The powers are throwing it off...

Dick
Homework Helper
Uh, n=1. e^(2)-e^(3/2). n=2. e^(3/2)-e^(4/3). n=3. e^(4/3)-e^(5/4). What do you mean 'the powers are throwing it off'? You are the one who is 'throwing it off'.

Dick
Homework Helper
In the series expansion e^((n+1)/n)=sum(((n+1)/n)^k/k! over k). k and n aren't the same thing.

Gib Z
Homework Helper
Perhaps you would see what Dick is suggesting if you rewrote the summand as $$e ( e^{\frac{1}{n}} - e^{\frac{1}{n+1}})$$.

Ohhh...I see.

So, what is k supposed to be? Is it just a variable, or does it get a value?

Dick
Homework Helper
k is summed over in each exponential. They are both infinite sums. You've only selected the nth term from each sum. There are many more terms.

Lemme see here...

The series is indeed telescoping and I have it simplifying to...

((2^k)/k!) - (((n + 2)/(n + 1))^k)/k!

Since n + 2 over n + 1 will run to 1...

((2^k/k!) - ((1^k/k!))

So...

1^k/k!

Am I on the right track?

Dick
Homework Helper
No! That's not 'simplifying' it at all, except where it's wrong. You don't need to series expand the exponentials at all! The original series telescopes!

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper

## Homework Statement

Find the sum of the series e$${(n + 1)/n)}$$ - e$$^{(n + 2)/(n + 1)}$$
There is a missing parenthesis here. Or do you mean
$$e^{(n+1)/n}- e^{(n+2)/(n+1)}$$?

## The Attempt at a Solution

Well for starters I got it into the proper format...IE

(((n + 1)/(n))^n)/n! - (((n + 2)/(n + 1))^n)/n!
What do you mean by "proper format"?

But then I get a little lost...I would know how to take the limit, find convergence, divergence, but finding sums can be hard...I mean, it doesn't converge fast enough to just take the first few partial sums and be satisfied with that answer...help?

## The Attempt at a Solution

Actually write out the first few terms. An think about what Dick said.

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