1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Fission of uranium

  1. Mar 31, 2015 #1
    Why is U-235 better for fission than U-238, i was reading that when a neutron strikes U-235 than it create U-236 which has an even number of nucleons, so it can break apart evenly. When the neutron strikes the uranium it causes it to oscillate and then it breaks apart. Is this like have a compressed spring and then releasing the energy. Does the energy from the nuclear force get turned into kinetic energy of the fission fragments?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 1, 2015 #2

    davenn

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Hi Cragar

    Its because even numbered isotopes of U are not fissile, therefore cannot sustain a chain reaction

    cheers
    Dave
     
  4. Apr 2, 2015 #3
    Ok thanks, is this because when a neutron strikes U-235 it becomes U-236 which has an even number of nucleons and then can break apart evenly.
    but if a neutron strikes U-238 then it becomes U-239. What if instead of a neutron to induce fission we used a gamma ray to induce photofission, And we did this on U-238 would this work?
     
  5. Apr 2, 2015 #4

    Astronuc

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor

    Firstly, not all absorptions of neutrons by U-235 lead to fission. About 16% of thermal neutron absorptions result in U-236 decaying by gamma emission, which then leads to either alpha decay to Th-232 or neutron absorption to U-237.

    In a thermal reactor, some fissions are actually fast fissions of U-238, but more U-238 is converted to U-239, which undergoes beta-decay to Np-239, which undergoes beta decay to Pu-239, which is fissile.

    Gamma interaction doesn't lead to fission, but simply one neutron is emitted (photo-neutron). However, gamma energies (including prompt gammas) are on the order to 1 to 2 MeV, and we don't typically see 5 to 7 MeV gamma rays in fission events.

    http://web.ornl.gov/~webworks/cpr/pres/105860.pdf [Broken]

    https://www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/nemea7/docs/presentations/29_S4_Litaize.pdf [Broken]
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 7, 2017
  6. Apr 4, 2015 #5
    Are you saying that when a high energy gamma ray hits it ejects one neutron, is it possible for it to eject a proton? thanks for posting that article i have read some of it, this is an interesting discussion. I have read articles that talk about photo fission of U-235, or is it when the neutron is ejected it makes it unstable and causes fission?
     
  7. Apr 4, 2015 #6

    Astronuc

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor

  8. Apr 4, 2015 #7
    No there isn't any fission process which results in the emission of a proton.
    Closest thing to that is alpha radiation, the emission of 2 protons bundled with 2 neutrons - basically a helium nucleus.
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook