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Fixed Point to Decimal Help

  1. May 7, 2012 #1
    Hello,

    I am currently trying to figure out if its possible to go from a number in (unsigned) Q3.5 format -> 8 bits given.

    And print it on a display in decimal.

    I only have a 8 bit microcontroller to work with.

    For example 011.11010 should have 3.8125

    Getting to 3 is easy but I can't see how I could get 8125 - I know I need to divide the 26 by 2^5 but this would give me 0 as an inside an 8 bit microcontroller.

    Any tips - Or some C source code would be lovely.
    Thanks in advance.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 7, 2012 #2

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    The part of your number to the right of the 'binary' point is a binary fraction.

    .11010 means 1 * 2-1 + 1 * 22 + 0 * 2-3 + 1 * 2-4 + 0 * 2-5
    = 1/2 + 1/4 + 0/8 + 1/16 + 0/32
    = 13/16
    = .8125

    Please excuse me if you already know this. At first I thought you didn't, because of what you said about 26. I then realized that you were adding the bits, and didn't realize that you were representing the fraction as 26/32, which is the same as 13/16.

    Binary fractions work exactly like decimal fractions except that instead of having decreasing negative powers of 10, you have decreasing negative powers of 2.
    I recommend using a lookup table. The table (an array) should have 32 elements, one for each possible value of a 5 bit number. Each element in the table is a string of decimal digits.

    Index the table by the sum of the 5 bits.
     
  4. May 7, 2012 #3
    Hey, thanks for the reply.

    Yeah I figure out how to get the conversions - Sorry about my ambigous language.

    Figured out if I store it in a int (4 bytes) then I can bit mask to get the 5 bits representing the fractional - then multiply by 100000 and divide by 2^5 giving me the fractional bits without the point.

    Thanks
     
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