Force/Kinematics Problems

1. Jan 10, 2010

SkiingAlta

Hey everyone. Struggling a little bit with a force test I have tomorrow. I've tried a few problems, and don't even know where to begin on another. I have the answers, and I would like to see if they are correct. Thank you so much!

1. An object of mass 70 kg is accelerated by a net force of 20 N. What is its acceleration?

2. A speedboat has a mass of 5.0 x 103 kg. It starts from rest and travels 2.0 x 102 m in 6.0 seconds. The boat undergoes uniform acceleration during the 6.0 seconds. What is the net force on the boat?

3. A 75 kg girl traveling at a constant velocity on ice skates suddenly experiences an acceleration of -4 m/s2. What is the sum of the forces acting on her?

My answer is (HAH!). I don't even know where to begin. Any tips?
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

2. Jan 10, 2010

jegues

This looks correct.

I don't think this is correct. Calculate the acceleration then use with Newton's second law (F = ma) to solve for the net force.

HINT: Vf = Vi + at

Hmmm... Sum of the forces acting on her... I think you've got to use Newtons 2nd law. ;)

3. Jan 10, 2010

SkiingAlta

So for #2 if I were to do:

Vf=Vi+at
200=0+a6
200=6a
a=33.33333

Then: F=ma
F=5000(33.333)
F= 166,667 N

Right?

4. Jan 10, 2010

jegues

Looks okay to me! Now try number 3!

5. Jan 10, 2010

SkiingAlta

And for the latter,

F=ma
F=75(-4)
sumF= -300

Yay?

6. Jan 10, 2010

jegues

Correct! You don't need to write sumF =, because when you write F = ma you're already implying that:

$$\sum F = ma$$

7. Jan 10, 2010

SkiingAlta

Awesome. Thanks so much for the help! One last one possibly?

A brick has a mass of 1.2 kg. A force of 5.4 N just begins to move the brick along the floor with a constant velocity. What is the coefficient of static friction?

So I would use f=μn

5.4=μ*11.76

μ=0.46

Would that be right? Thanks so much for your help!

8. Jan 10, 2010

jegues

Correct! Another key observation I want to bring to your attention is that when you have an object moving at constant velocity then,

$$\sum F = 0$$

Why's that you ask? Well remember, with constant velocity acceleration is simply 0. Applying Newtons second law,

$$\sum F = ma = m(0) = 0$$

9. Jan 10, 2010

SkiingAlta

Oh. That makes sense! Thanks so much for your help!