Force of Flowing Water

  1. If a pipe flowing with water enters a structure where the structure wall will stop the horizontal velocity of the flow and direct it downward (i.e a pipe in to a manhole with an outlet at a considerably lower elevation), how do you calculate the force exerted on the structure of that wall. I have found the equation Force = density of water * flow volume * change in velocity. Is this on the right track?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. tiny-tim

    tiny-tim 26,041
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Welcome to PF!

    Hi smprindi ! Welcome to PF! :wink:
    Yes …

    from good ol' Newton's second law …

    force = rate of change of momentum

    = velocity times mass per time …

    which is the same as your Force = density of water * flow volume * change in velocity. :smile:
     
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