# Homework Help: Force on a chamber

1. Nov 9, 2008

### stunner5000pt

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
A chamber has water entering horizontally with a velcoity of 80m/s with an inlet of an area of $0.1m^$ and leaving through an opening of area $0.15m^2$. The exiting flow makes an angle of 30 degrees with respect to the entering flow. What force is needed to hold the chamber in place

2. The attempt at a solution
Well the total force on the chamber is
$$\vec{F}=\dot{m_{2}}\vec{v_{2}}-\dot{m_{1}}\vec{v_{1}}$$
and $$\dot{m_{2}}=\rho A_{2}$$
and $$\dot{m_{1}}=\rho A_{1}$$

the component of the force is

$$F_{x}=\rho A_{2} v_{2} \cos\theta - \rho A_{1} v_{1}$$
$$F_{y}=\rho A_{2} v_{2}\sin\theta$$

Now heres the thing, we dont know v2...
But since the mass is conserved the volume flow rate in is equal to the volume flow rate out
$$\int_{S_{inlet}} \vec{v_{1}}\cdot\hat{n}dA=\int_{S_{outlet}} \vec{v_{2}}\cdot\hat{n}dA$$
$$v_{1}A_{1}=v_{2}A_{2}$$

From this we can find the X and Y components and hence the force and the direction. Is this all correct?

Thank you for your input and suggestions!

2. Nov 11, 2008

### Q_Goest

Hi stunner,
Works for me. To be nit picky, the mass flow in = mass flow out (not volume flow) unless there's mass being stored inside the control volume, so we can equate VA(in) = VA(out) only if density(in) = density(out). Note that if this were a gas for example, and density changed, we'd have to determine velocity from the change in density and mass flow. But yea, you got it right.

3. Nov 12, 2008

### stunner5000pt

thanks a lot

you can mark is solved