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Forces and Tension

  • Thread starter Dormin
  • Start date
  • #1
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Homework Statement


The 1.0 kg block in the figure is tied to the wall with a rope. It sits on top of the 2.0 kg block. The lower block is pulled to the right with a tension force of 20 N. The coefficient of kinetic friction at both the lower and upper surfaces of the 2.0 kg block is mu_k = 0.380.

knight_Figure_08_27.jpg


What is the acceleration of the 2.0 kg block?


Homework Equations


a = F/m
F_friction = mg * mu_k

The Attempt at a Solution


I found in a previous question that the tension of the rope holding the 1kg block, and thus the force of friction on the top of the 2kg block, was 3.72N (mg * mu_k = 9.8 * .38 = 3.72).

So the frictional force on the bottom of the 2kg block:

mg * mu_k = 2 * 9.8 * .38 = 7.448

Those two forces hold back the 20N force pulling to the right, so the total force acting on it to the right is:

20 - 3.72 - 7.448 = 8.832

So using a = F/m:

a = 8.832 / 2 = 4.416 m/s^2

However, 4.416 is incorrect. Any help you could give would be appreciated. Thanks!
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
163
0
The upper friction done by the 1-kg block is okay (3.72N), but I see a problem in the friction on the bottom, you should check what's the real mass affecting to that second friction.
 
  • #3
rl.bhat
Homework Helper
4,433
7
Hi Dormin, welcome to PF.
Net friction force on the lower surface is due to the normal reaction of 3 kg mass. It is in the opposite direction of 20 N. Frictional force on the upper surface of 2 kg block is due to 1 kg mass. It is also in the opposite direction of applied force.
Now find the net friction force on the lower block which opposes the applied force.
 

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