# Forces on Rollers

1. Aug 22, 2008

### Kalgoolie

Hey,

Got some rope running through four stationary cylinders (pic below)! Now if the rope on the left hand side is pulled down with lets say 100N, I would just like to find out the force on each cylinder.

common sense tells me that the force on all four cylinders will be 100N in alternating directions of course. Am I correct in assuming this?

Also the tension in the rope were the blue and red lines are, would they be equal to 100N as well?

Thanks for any help!

I should specify that the rollers cannot actually spin or turn, so I dont know if they can be treated as pulleys
Edit - Or is it something like this; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Pulley0.svg
Where if I pull down 100N the tension in the rope at the red part is 100N and the force on the cylinder is 200N?

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2. Aug 23, 2008

### ank_gl

thats a toughie!!
If you assume that rollers are stationary & rope move(skid) relative to the cylinders, tension on both sides of disk are related as T2/T1 = e^(μ*θ), μ is kinetic friction coefficient & θ is angle of overlap, google a bit, you ll understand the physics behind it.

The tension as you move towards right ll continue to decrease.

If they dont turn, they are not pulleys.

Oh! do you mean downward force on disks?? I thought you meant torque, anyways, downward force is the sum of tensions on both sides. In your case, tension on both sides are not equal, but related by the above formula.

3. Aug 23, 2008

### FredGarvin

Is this a statics or dynamics problem? From the statement that they don't turn I would think static, but you're not clear. If it is static, then you still are dealing with the sum of the forces in each direction = 0.

4. Aug 23, 2008

### Kalgoolie

Thanks a million for the replies.

Sorry should have specified! The rollers stay still and the rope is moved back and forwards through the rollers.

The rollers are held in place by pins on either side I just need to find the shearing force in the pin which I assume is releated to the tension?

Below is a front on view, the image in the first post is a side view

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5. Aug 24, 2008

### ank_gl

if they are called rollers, how can they stay still?? Or you mean, the frame for rollers stay still(which is quite obviously is the practical situation), that is why i called it a toughie, problem is still not very clear

6. Aug 24, 2008

### Kalgoolie

Sorry I keep calling them rollers. Pretty much these cylinders are still and they have a surfance roughness, the rope moves backwards and forwards through the cylinders hence abrazing the rope!

I need to find the forces in the pins holding the cylinders still and the power of the motor required to pull the rope and I believe that this is all related to the tension in the rope!

7. Aug 25, 2008

### Kalgoolie

ank_gl from what I have read your approach seems to be correct! Page 7 of this seems to derive the equation as well; http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Physics/8-01TFall-2004/84DD1138-93A4-47E0-8F54-CB45EBE8351D/0/exp05b.pdf" [Broken]
Thanks for leading me in the right direction!

I have run into a problem, I have been given the average surface roughness and the maximum allowable surface roughness of the cylinder (both have units of micro-meters). These problems need the coefficient of friction so I need some way of incorporating the surface roughness into that the formula! All I know is what speed the rope will be moving at and the dimensions of the (stationary cylinders)

Last edited by a moderator: May 3, 2017
8. Aug 28, 2008

### ank_gl

hey sorry for being a bit late, i was a bit busy.

I dunno of any way to incorporate surface roughness in friction calculations, essentially because friction laws are not based on physical principles, but on practically obtained data, so it is an empirical relation. You should conduct some experiments on those rollers & find out friction.
Also, you need not worry about the speed, as you can assume that kinetic friction remains constant.

9. Aug 29, 2008

### TVP45

The problem cannot be worked with the information you've given, except to say that the force on the rollers due to the rope will be greater than 0N and less than 200N (I'm assuming these are essentially rappelling brakes). This sort of braking design works perfectly well with smooth surfaces; unless you want to abrade the rope, why make them rough?