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Forces, Trains and Friction

  1. Sep 15, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A locomotive accelerates a 25 car train along a level track. Every car has a mass of 6.8 * 104 kg and is subject to a friction force f = 250v where the speed v is in meters per second and the force f is in newtons. At the instant when the speed of the train is 42 km/h, the magnitude of the acceleration is 0.20 m/s2.

    (a) What is the tension in the coupling between the first car and the locomotive?
    I got 412875 N
    (b) If the tension is equal to the maximum force the locomotive can exert on the train, what is the steepest grade up which the locomotive can pull the train at 42 km/h?
    This is the part I need help with
    2. Relevant equations
    f = 250*v
    v = 11.66 m/s

    3. The attempt at a solution
    Ok, for the first part,
    Net Force = F - f(riction)
    ma=F-f
    ma+f=F
    because there are 25 cars, each with its own mass and friction...
    25(m)a + 25(250v) = F
    25(6.8 E4)(0.2) + 25(250*11.66) = F
    412875 = F

    For the second part, I drew the following diagram, which should show up as an attachment.
    I forgot to draw in the theta, but oh well.

    Net Force = F - mgsin∅ - f - Ncos ∅ = 0
    If the net force is zero, then the velocity is constant, I think...
    Going on that assumption...
    F-f-mgsin∅-mgcos∅ = 0
    F-f = mg(sin∅ + cos∅)
    (F-f)/(mg) = sin∅ + cos∅
    ...and that's how far I got before confusion got me.

    Any help is appreciated
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Sep 15, 2012
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 16, 2012 #2

    Simon Bridge

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    You have counted friction twice... what is the ##N\cos(\phi)## part for?
     
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