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Fourier analysis

  1. Mar 24, 2007 #1
    I'm just taking Calculus 4 this semester, where part of it is also Fourier analysis.

    When I was browsing a little bit about the subject I found out that there are several different approaches and so I'm a bit confused now.

    So this is how I understand it, correct me if I'm wrong:

    There is the approach of pointwise convergence (which we are taking) and the approach of convergence in L^2 (is this called the weak convergence or is it something completely different?). Now the Fourier series can converge in the L^2 space but not pointwise and vice-versa.

    Did I get it correct?

    Another question is: What is a good book on Fourier analysis from the pointwise point-of-view on the level like Rudin's Principles of math. analysis?

  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 25, 2007 #2


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    No, that is not "weak convergence", that is "convergence in L2" or "convergence in the mean". You aren't going to find a book on Fourier Analysis from the "pointwise-point-of-view" because "pointwise convergence" is useless with Fourier series. For Fourier series to make any sense, you MUST use Lebesque integration and convergence in the norm.
  4. Mar 26, 2007 #3
    Well, we are not using anything from the Lebesgue integration theory, we didn't even mention L^2 spaces.
    Does that mean, that what we're learning ther is useless :smile: ?
  5. Mar 26, 2007 #4


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    As far as the theory is concerned, yes! You might well be learning to calculate Fourier series for simple functions and use them in basic applications- so I guess that is useful. But you can't be learning much of the theory. Most functions that have Fourier series aren't even Riemann integrable.
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