1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Homework Help: Fourier transform

  1. Sep 21, 2006 #1


    User Avatar

    Trigonometric Polynomials....

    It's too difficult to understand.....

    Please tell me how a complex trigonometric polynomial works. I think real trigonometric polynomial is good enough.
    [tex]T_{N}=\sum^N_{n=0}a_n cos(nx) +i\sum^N_{n=0}a_n*sin(nx)[/tex]
    [tex]T_{N}[/tex] is postion at time x of an object moving along a line. seems have nothing to do with complex numbers.
    Last edited: Sep 21, 2006
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 21, 2006 #2


    User Avatar

    I like this one.

    [tex]T_{N}=\frac{a_0}{2} +\sum^N_{n=0}a_n cos(nx) +\sum^N_{n=0}b_n sin(nx)[/tex]
    Last edited: Sep 21, 2006
  4. Sep 21, 2006 #3

    Do you just want to know how to calculate the coefficients? Look up fourier series. Hmm.. Now that I think about it this probably didn't help you much, but I can't quite figure out what your question is.
    Last edited: Sep 21, 2006
  5. Sep 21, 2006 #4


    User Avatar

    I want to know how to use it in practice.
    We can find the coefficients and a function f(x) from x0, x1, ...xn and f(x0), f(x1)...f(xn). These values come from observations. I am sure they are not complex numbers. So, the real trigonometric polynomial is good enough. The question is why we use the complex polynomial? Is it only for making things more complicated? :eek:
  6. Sep 22, 2006 #5


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor

    (Note: I've changed the second "an" to "bn[/b]". Surely you don't want to use the same notation for two different values.

    You don't have to use complex numbers. In fact, in real applications, I've never seen it done. If everything in your application is real, then the bn would have to be imaginary in order to cancel that "i".

    The form you give might be used if they were trying to make the point that the Fourier series can be written in terms of exponentials:
    [tex]T_{N}=\sum^N_{n=0}c_n e^{nix}[/tex]
    where cn is, itself, a complex number.
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook