Statement: To have free-will requires a soul or some variable that is not physical. Is it true that physical properties and their behavior are either random or determined (in principle)? If so, then free-will requires something immaterial. Does any one care to argue against this point and say that physical properties are something other than determined or random? What about emergence or top down causality which seems to allow someone to still hold on to physical properties as the foundation, yet allows for emergent behaviors not written in these configurations or properties?