From PDE to ODE ? + research

• thepioneerm

thepioneerm

From PDE to ODE ?! + research

Homework Statement

In the attached research, What are the steps that we work to transform the equation (1) to (8)

(1) and (8)

The Attempt at a Solution

I know that they used similarity transformations but I do not know how to do it by myself (how to substitute correctly) ...

can you help me to I understand the steps ... then I will do the others In the same way.

Thanks

Attachments

• Chamkha.pdf
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Do you know how to apply the chain rule for partial differentiation? Try going to Wikipedia and searching on "chain rule", and reading the section on several variables. Then I think if you apply this to the research paper you attached you will see how they arrived at the equations. Basically, they chose a new set of variables so that after applying the chain rule and collecting terms, many terms canceled and the original set of PDEs was converted into a set of ODEs.

phyzguy said:
Do you know how to apply the chain rule for partial differentiation? Try going to Wikipedia and searching on "chain rule", and reading the section on several variables. Then I think if you apply this to the research paper you attached you will see how they arrived at the equations. Basically, they chose a new set of variables so that after applying the chain rule and collecting terms, many terms canceled and the original set of PDEs was converted into a set of ODEs.

Thank you for this hint...I will try it :) and read:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chain_rule

https://www.physicsforums.com/library.php?do=view_item&itemid=353

Q: How do I choose the appropriate similarity transformations to a particular system?!​

please ... help me ... just the first term in eq(1)

I try but failed :(

Show us your calculations on the first term in Equation 1. Learn how to use TeX so you can type it in.

I will try :(

is it right that u is in 3 variables : x and Fi Dash and M ?

please ... Is this true?! I took the second term in eq(1)

$$\partial w$$ / $$\partial z$$

= ( $$\partial w$$ / $$\partial \varphi$$ ) . ( $$\partial \varphi$$ / $$\partial \eta$$ ) . ( $$\partial \eta$$ / $$\partial z$$ )

= (- $$\sqrt{b\nu}$$ ) . ( $$\grave{\varphi}$$ ) .( $$\sqrt{b/\nu}$$ )

= -b $$\grave{\varphi}$$​

I think this is correct. Now if you look at the first term in equation 1, you see:

$$\frac{\partial{u}}{\partial{x}} = b \phi'(\eta)$$

so the two terms cancel and equation 1 is automatically satisfied. Keep going!

phyzguy said:
I think this is correct. Now if you look at the first term in equation 1, you see:

$$\frac{\partial{u}}{\partial{x}} = b \phi'(\eta)$$

so the two terms cancel and equation 1 is automatically satisfied. Keep going!

Thanks ...I appreciate it

but how do I get the equation (8) ?!

and

thepioneerm said:
is it right that u is in 3 variables : x and Fi Dash and M ?

Last edited:

Yes, you need to consider u to be a function of x, $$\phi'$$, and M. You need to evaluate all of the partial derviatives, like you did for

$$\frac{\partial{w}}{\partial{z}}$$

and plug these into equations 2-5, and you should come out with equations 8-12.

phyzguy said:
Yes, you need to consider u to be a function of x, $$\phi'$$, and M. You need to evaluate all of the partial derviatives, like you did for

$$\frac{\partial{w}}{\partial{z}}$$

and plug these into equations 2-5, and you should come out with equations 8-12.

ok, but eq (1) say:

$$\frac{\partial{u}}{\partial{x}}$$ + ( $$\partial w$$ / $$\partial z$$) =0

so, I have evaluate all of the partial derviatives but How can I have eq (8) :( I do not understand !

Equation 8 comes from equation 2. Since u has a term proportional to $$\phi'$$, when you evaluate
$$\frac{\partial^2{u}}{\partial{z^2}}$$ , you will get a term in $$\phi'''$$ . Do you see?

phyzguy said:
Equation 8 comes from equation 2. Since u has a term proportional to $$\phi'$$, when you evaluate
$$\frac{\partial^2{u}}{\partial{z^2}}$$ , you will get a term in $$\phi'''$$ . Do you see?

ok ... I will try :)

Thank you