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Gamma function and factorial

  1. Jul 29, 2013 #1
    Hi members,

    gamma (n+1)=n!

    Now I have the following:

    gamma(2(n+3/2))=gamma(2n+1)

    What is factorial notation for this??

    Thank you
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 29, 2013 #2

    dextercioby

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    Factorial (and double factorial) is defined for natural numbers only.
     
  4. Jul 29, 2013 #3

    lurflurf

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    ^I don't know why people say that.
    It is perfectly reasonable (and common) to define factorial (and double factorial) for complex numbers.
    (-.5)!=sqrt(pi) for example is perfectly sensible

    any way gamma (n+1)=n! implies
    gamma (x)=(x-1)!
    so
    gamma(2(n+3/2))=gamma(2n+1)
    (2(n+3/2)-1)!=(2n+1-1)!
    (2n+2)!=(2n)!
    which is in no way helpful
    Are you to solve it?
    If so hint
    (a+b*sqrt(c))/d
     
  5. Jul 29, 2013 #4
    Although (2n+2)! = (2n)! looks strange, it is important to remember that the gamma function is anything but one-to-one on the real line. I really like lurflurf's train of thought. Looks like the quadratic formula would be golden in this problem.

    -Junaid
     
  6. Jul 29, 2013 #5
    gamma(2(n+3/2))=gamma(2n+1) is false because 2(n+3/2)=2n+3 which is not 2n+1
     
  7. Jul 29, 2013 #6
    The gamma function is not invertible on the real line so the statement is not necessarily false.

    Consider instead the function f(x) = x^2.

    Then f(-2)=f(2) is true even though -2 ≠ 2.

    -J
     
  8. Jul 30, 2013 #7
    Belgium 12 stated : gamma(2(n+3/2))=gamma(2n+1) in which 2(n+3/2) and (2n+1) are integers. Obviously, no complex are considered. If Belgium 12 was thinking on complex roots, he would have mention it. Moreover, he would have not use the notation "n", but "x" or "z". So the statement is false.
     
  9. Jul 30, 2013 #8
    I agree. If the solutions for n are restricted to the integers, then there is no solution. If the solutions are open to the real line, then there are in fact two real solutions. Just as a clarification, note that integers are complex numbers. There are two real, irrational, complex solutions to this equation. I do agree with you though that there are no integer solutions! :)

    Also, note that:
    gamma(n+1)=gamma(n) has a solution in the integers even though n+1 = n is a false statement. This really brings home the idea that you cannot remove the gamma on both sides of the equation as the gamma function is not invertible.

    Junaid Mansuri
     
    Last edited: Jul 30, 2013
  10. Jul 30, 2013 #9
    OK.
    In fact, the sender of the question recognizes that there was a mistake in the wording of his question :
    http://mathhelpforum.com/calculus/220899-gamma-function-factorial.html#post793851
     
  11. Jul 30, 2013 #10
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