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Geotechnical question

  1. Nov 29, 2008 #1
    What capacity should be maintained to not float a 500-gallon plastic septic tank under groundwater-caused buoyancy? What other external installation steps should be taken to prevent floating. It rains a bit in Houston. Thanks.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 3, 2008 #2
    If the tank is right at the ground surface, and flooding may occur to the ground surface, then it would need to be kept full to not float.

    I assume the top of the tank is 4 feet or below below the ground, This earth cover helps prevent flotation, even when entirely submerged. to determine likelihood of flotation, an engineering approach is to determine the safety factor; the resisting forces divided by the uplift forces. You would like to have a SF of at least 1.1 under worst conditions.

    Uplift forces:
    -tank outside vol x 62.4 pcf (if fully submerged)

    Resisting forces:
    -weight of soil over the tank (if submerged, effective soil unit weight is approx 100 pcf - 62.4 pcf)
    -weight of tank & contents

    To increase resisting forces, you could pile soil higher over the tank, construct a concrete slab over the tank, use concrete or other deadmen below/along tank with straps over the tank, etc. Helical anchors & straps another option.
     
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