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Given a potential, sketch the eigenfunction corresponding to different energy levels.

  1. Dec 16, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Consider the eigenfunction in the top part of the figure.
    (a) Which of the three potentials illustrated in the bottom part of the
    figure could lead to such an eigenfunction? Give qualitative
    arguments to justify your answer. (b) The eigenfunction shown
    is not the one corresponding to the lowest allowed energy for the
    potential. Sketch the form of the eigenfunction which does
    correspond to the lowest allowed energy E1. (c) Indicate on
    another sketch the range of energies where you would expect
    discretely separated allowed energy states, and the range of
    energies where you would expect the allowed energies to be
    continuously distributed. (d) Sketch the form of the eigenfunction which corresponds to
    the second allowed energy E2. (e) To which energy level does the eigenfunction presented
    on top of the figure correspond

    I've attached the figure, but It might be easier to read in this file i found on the internet (problem #5): http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~ccheng/MP2011/HW2_SE.pdf

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I have already done part (a) by identifying the sign of ψ and (V-E). I concluded that the correct potential is the last one on the bottom. You can see my solution in the attachment.
    For part (b), i think the sketch should have two peaks, one in each classically allowed region (B/C and E/F in my drawing) since this is the minimum amount of oscillations that will work.
    However, this makes me think the answer to part (e) is energy level two.
    Which makes part (d) confusing.
    Also, i'm not sure what part (c) means by "discretely separated allowed allowed energy states" and continuously distributed allowed energies.

    Any help would be greatly appreciated.
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited by a moderator: Dec 18, 2013
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 17, 2011 #2

    diazona

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    Re: Given a potential, sketch the eigenfunction corresponding to different energy lev

    Hm... I follow your reasoning about the wavefunction shown being the second energy level. I'm not sure what they're getting at there but I'll see if someone else can figure it out.

    As for part (c), the problem is talking about bound states and scattering states. Or alternatively, think of it like this: can you identify certain significant energies at which the behavior of the corresponding eigenfunction changes? In other words, for some particular energy EA there is a qualitative difference between a wavefunction corresponding to E < EA and a wavefunction corresponding to E > EA. What energy is that? What is another energy EB at which the same could be said?
     
  4. Dec 18, 2011 #3
    Re: Given a potential, sketch the eigenfunction corresponding to different energy lev

    thank you!, i understand part (c) now.

    my final is tomorrow and i was told there would be a problem similar to this, so any insight on parts (d) and (e) would help.
     
  5. Dec 18, 2011 #4

    vela

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    Re: Given a potential, sketch the eigenfunction corresponding to different energy lev

    There are two possible wave functions that have one peak in the B/C and E/F. One is odd, and one is even.
     
  6. Dec 17, 2013 #5
    I think I have the same exact final as justanovice...........exactly the same class.........lol!!!
     
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