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Green's function for the sphere

  1. Mar 9, 2010 #1


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    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    If a hollow spherical shell of radius a is held at potential [itex]\Phi(a, \theta ', \phi ')[/itex], then the potential at an arbitrary point is given by,

    [tex]\Phi(r, \theta, \phi)=\frac{1}{4 \pi} \oint \Phi(a, \theta ', \phi ') \frac{\delta G(r, r')}{\delta n '}dS'[/tex]

    where [tex]G(r, r')=\frac{1}{(r^2+a^2-2arcos \gamma)^{3/2}}-\frac{a}{r'(r^2+\frac{a^4}{r'^2}-2r\frac{a^2}{r'}cos \gamma)^{3/2}}[/tex]

    and [tex]dS'=a^2 sin(\theta ') d \theta ' d \phi '[/tex]

    Suppose the sphere is held at a fixed potential, [itex]V_0[/itex].
    (a) Calculate the potential outside the sphere.
    (b) Use the formula above to calculate the potential inside the sphere.

    3. The attempt at a solution

    [tex]\Phi(r, \theta, \phi)=\frac{V_0}{4 \pi} \oint \frac{\delta G(r, r')}{\delta n '}dS'=\frac{V_0 a^2}{4 \pi}\int_0^{2 \pi} d \phi ' \int_0^{\pi}\frac{\delta G(r, r')}{\delta n '} sin(\theta ') d \theta '=\frac{V_0 a^2}{2}\int_0^{\pi}\frac{\delta G(r, r')}{\delta n '} sin(\theta ') d \theta '[/tex]
    The problem I am having is that when I calculate the potential outside the sphere then set r=a, I do NOT get the potential as being [itex]V_0[/itex] on the surface as I should.
    One spot where I may have messed up is in calculating the derivative of the Green function,

    [tex]\frac{\delta G(r, r')}{\delta n'}=-\frac{\delta G(r, r')}{\delta r'} |_{r'=a}[/tex]

    I believe this is correct since the normal component of the large sphere points inward along r'..anyway after some algebra I get the answer to be

    [tex]\frac{2a^2-r^2-racos \gamma}{a(r^2+a^2-2racos \gamma)^{5/2}}[/tex]

    I am thinking either I took this derivative wrong, or I later integrated the expression wrong.

    Thanks for your comments.
    Last edited: Mar 9, 2010
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 8, 2011 #2
    Hi kreil,

    I am pretty sure this is your problem. You have defined your Green function with powers of 3/2 in your denominators when they should rather be powers of 1/2.

    I am assuming you have G defined such that on the surface of the sphere, G=0. Well, to prove to yourself which form is correct, try plugging R into x to see which power (1/2 or 3/2) gives you G(x=R)=0.

    Good Luck!
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