# Homework Help: Half-life calculations.

1. Mar 20, 2013

### mateomy

Maybe this is a dumb question....

Let's say I want to figure out the age of a rock and I have the half life of an element.
If I have this equation
$$y(t)=e^{kt}$$
where first I figure out the k-value using the half life. That part I get.

Now that I have the k-value I 're-use' the formula but instead of put 0.5 for y(t) as before I put what exactly? Do I use the natural abundance of the element? This is assuming I wasn't given any information except 'figure out how old this rock is using element X'.

Thanks.

2. Mar 20, 2013

### haruspex

In your equation, y is a ratio of abundances at different times. So to determine t you need to know the abundance at time 0.

3. Mar 20, 2013

### mateomy

How would you know that if you weren't told?

4. Mar 20, 2013

### haruspex

Depends. Take carbon dating. The theory is that C14 is continually created high in the atmosphere at a steady rate as a result of radiation, so the level in the atmosphere is constant. Creation rate matches decay rate. Once captured at ground level, the decay continues but creation stops. So the initial level is taken to be the current atmospheric level. I don't know whether known variations in atmospheric concentrations of carbon are taken into account.
For other isotopes, I believe there's some way to use the relative concentrations of a mix of isotopes, but I don't know how this works.

5. Mar 20, 2013

### mateomy

Hmmmm....

Okay, thanks.