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Half life of substance

  1. Oct 22, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    a patient who is undergoing cancer theraphy is given 10 mins of irradiation from a radioactive source that has half life = 2 years. If the same source is to be used for same treatment 2 years later , how long should the patient should be irradiated?

    the ans is 20 mins .. can someoene teach me how to do this?

    2. Relevant equations


    3. The attempt at a solution
    i was told that:
    at time = 0 (ie. Now) the patient undergoes 10 mins of irradiation. Lets say the amount of radioactivity of the source now is at 100%

    We are told that it's half life is 2 years which means in 2 years the radioactivity of the source is at 50%.

    So suppose it is 2 years later
    if the patient's therapy lasts 10 min - he gets 50% dosage.
    if the patients therapy goes another 10 min - he gets another 50% dosage
    So a total of 20 min of therapy results in (50% + 50% = 100% same dosage as he received 2 years earlier)

    but why if the patient's therapy lasts 10 min - he gets 50% dosage. ??
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 22, 2014 #2

    BvU

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    You're doing the right thing. Dosage is proportional to the time and to the radioactivity of the source: dosage is something like the amount of radioactive decays, so activity (decays/time) times time.
     
  4. Oct 22, 2014 #3

    NascentOxygen

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    Staff: Mentor

    Instead of the patient, imagine there is a Geiger counter, and explain what it would record.
     
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