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Having some difficulty with a Trip. Integral in Cylindrical Coordinates

  1. Apr 11, 2004 #1
    Hi everybody

    The integral in question is the triple integral of x dV over the region E, where E is enclosed by the planes z=0, and z=x+y+3, and the cylinders x^2 + y^2 = 4 and x^2 + y^2 = 9.

    Well--- so far in cylindrical coordinates I know the r limits will be from 2 to 3 since the cylinders are in the form x^2 + y^2 = r^2

    And the Theta limits will be 0 to 2pi.

    The z limits are what are bothering me. I believe the lower z limit will be 0, but the upper one is quite confusing. x+y+3 .... am I correct in assuming this should be written as rcos(theta) + rsin(theta) + 3 ??

    Lets just say thats right for now (which i know it isnt :frown: ) then I would end up getting an integrand with stuff like cos^2(x) which I know isnt a difficult integral if you use half angles, but it just doesn't seem like it should be this long and difficult. What can I do to change my limits?

    Thanks for you help.
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 11, 2004 #2

    matt grime

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    There are plenty of us who would say that even with those limits the integral is easy - it can be done by hand, thus it is easy (tedious, long and uninteresting perhaps).
    Your analysis seems correct - not all integrals have neat tricks that make things drop out without having to do some genuine integration. but let's see what happens:

    [tex]\int_{r=2}^3 \int_{\theta=0}^{2\pi}\int_{z=0}^{r\cos\theta+r\sin\theta+3} r^2\cos\theta dzdrd\theta[/tex]
    [tex] = \int_{r=2}^3\int_{\theta=0}^{2\pi}r^3\cos^2\theta+r^3\sin\theta\cos\theta+3r^2cos\theta drd\theta[/tex]

    note that the cos(\theta)sin(\theta) integral and the cos(\theta) vanishes, and we can do the r integration first to get

    [tex]\frac{65}{4}\int_{\theta=0}^{2\pi} cos^2\theta[/tex]

    which is fairly elementary (remember your fourier series?)
    Last edited: Apr 11, 2004
  4. Apr 11, 2004 #3
    Hey thanks matt I believe I got it--- and no that integral is not at all difficult...

    Btw I have not studied fourier series--- only power and taylor series, and just basic ones in the my Calculus III course. :frown:
  5. Apr 11, 2004 #4

    matt grime

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    ah, when you come to do fourier series, you'll have to learn about integrals of cos and sin , and see that they almost always come to zero.
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