1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Heat energy

  1. Jun 7, 2009 #1
    how do you do heat energy questions? is it the energy lost?

    An unpowered 1600 kg object has an upward velocity of 7.0 x 10^3 m s at an
    altitude of 100 km above the earth. The object reaches a maximum altitude of 400 km.
    Earth
    100 km
    400 km
    v = 7.0 × 10^3 m s

    What is the heat energy generated during the object’s increase in altitude from 100 km
    to 400 km?
    A. 3.3 x 10^10 J
    B. 3.4 x 10^10 J
    C. 3.5 x 10^10 J
    D. 5.5 x 10^10 J

    this is from a sample exam, my teacher didnt teach us any of it.

    I used EP= Gm1m2/(r^2) for each position, and ek = .5 mv^2 and subtracted the two and got a totally wrong answer.... Please help me.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 15, 2009 #2
    12.jpg

    heres a pic....


    also would solving this be similar to how you would find the heat lost from a resistor in a circuit because I had a question like that and I couldnt solve it.
     
  4. Jun 16, 2009 #3
    I read that the change in potential is = work/energy and since velocity is constant EK is constant.
    but when I use the formula for ep I dont get the right answer.
     
  5. Jun 16, 2009 #4

    rock.freak667

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Well for one,

    [tex]E_P= \frac{GM}{r}[/tex]


    at the max height, kinetic energy=0.
     
  6. Jun 16, 2009 #5
    so at the start is velocity the 7E3 or is that the average velocity

    Ive tried finding Etotal at the start and at the end and subtract one from the other but I always get the wrong answer.
     
  7. Jun 17, 2009 #6

    Andrew Mason

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Write out the equation for the total energy of the object as a function of R if there was no loss of energy. Determine what its KE would be at 400 km altitude. Compare that to the actual energy at 400 km (KE = 0). Where did that energy go?

    AM
     
  8. Jun 17, 2009 #7
    Start

    Etotal=1/2mv^2 + (Gm1m2)/r
    1/2•1600•(7E3)^2
    (6.67E-11•1600•5.98E24)/(100•1000)
    Etotal=6.36E12



    Final

    Etotal=EP+EK
    6.36E12=(6.67E-11•5.98E24•1600)/(400•1000)+EK
    EK=4.82E12 ?

    whats wrong?
     
  9. Jun 17, 2009 #8

    LowlyPion

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    You need to use the radius from the center of Earth
     
  10. Jun 17, 2009 #9
    yeah I forgot about the earth radius

    I keep getting 4.36E10 though.
     
  11. Jun 17, 2009 #10

    LowlyPion

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    I approach it as what should the velocity be.

    1/2*Vi2 - μ/ri = 1/2*Vf2 - μ/rf

    Using the Standard parameter for earth of 400,000 (which is in km3)

    1/2*(49) - 400,000/6370 = 1/2*Vf2 - 400,000/ 6770

    That yields 1/2*Vf2 = 24.5 - 62.79 + 59.084 = 20.79

    Since that's already 1/2*Vf2 then multiply by the mass giving 33,270. But those units are in km2/sec2 so you need to properly convert to get J I'd think.
     
  12. Jun 17, 2009 #11

    Andrew Mason

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    You are using R to be 100 and 400 km. This is not correct. What is R? And where is it measured from?

    AM
     
  13. Jun 17, 2009 #12
    Ya from the center of the earth, somebody else mentioned it but I still get the wrong answer, its getting closer though....but still wrong.
     
  14. Jun 18, 2009 #13

    Andrew Mason

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Show us your calculations and we will tell you where you are going wrong. We can't figure it out any other way.

    AM
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: Heat energy
  1. Heat/ Energy (Replies: 4)

  2. Heat energy (Replies: 1)

  3. Heat and Energy (Replies: 1)

  4. Heat & Energy (Replies: 5)

  5. Heat and energy (Replies: 5)

Loading...