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Help identifying ODE

  1. Sep 16, 2008 #1
    Hey

    I need help identifying the differential equation: x'' + k(x')^2 + c = 0 . Can anyone point me in the right direction?

    Thanks.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 16, 2008 #2

    Mute

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    What do you mean by "identifying"? That differential equation could be a model equation for a lot of things! Did you want a specific name for the form or something?

    In any event, if you set x' = v you get a first order ODE,

    v' + kv^2 + c = 0.

    One system that this equation describes is a falling object subject to wind resistance at high velocities, where c would be the acceleration due to gravity, g. (High velocities because at low speeds air resistance tends to go as v instead of v^2).
     
    Last edited: Sep 16, 2008
  4. Sep 17, 2008 #3

    HallsofIvy

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    Mute's dead on. As far as "identifying" is concerned, it is a second order, non-linear equation. As Mute said, letting v= x' you get the first order, separable, differential equation v= -(kv2+ c) or
    [tex]\frac{dv}{kv^2+ c}= -tdt[/tex]

    That's easily integrable but find x from x'= v may give you an integral that has no simple anti- derivative.
     
  5. Sep 17, 2008 #4
    Thanks - it is in fact an equation for a falling object. V = x' and performing a change of variable gave me the answer I needed.
     
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