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Help me construct a proof

  1. Feb 24, 2005 #1
    Help me construct a proof!!

    Consider the following set property: For all sets [tex]A[/tex], [tex]B[/tex], and [tex]C[/tex], [tex](A-B) \cup (B-C) = (A \cup B) - (B \cap C)[/tex].

    a) Use an element argument to derive this property.

    b) Use an algebraic argument to derive this property.

    Ok, for part (a), I know that I need to show that:
    [tex](A-B) \cup (B-C) \subseteq (A \cup B) - (B \cap C)[/tex], and
    [tex](A \cup B) - (B \cap C) \subseteq (A-B) \cup (B-C)[/tex] (right?).

    To do this, i need to show that [tex]\forall x[/tex], if [tex]x \ \epsilon \ (A-B) \cup (B-C)[/tex], and [tex]x \ \epsilon \ (A \cup B) - (B \cap C)[/tex]. From here I do not know where to go.

    For part (b), any help you can give me I would appreciate. I have written several pages of calculations and have yet to come up with anything.

    Please help! This assignment is due 2/25 at 1:30 EST.

  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 24, 2005 #2
    hint: you need to show that if x is an element of the LHS then x is an element of the RHS, for all x. to start, break it down using the definitions of Union and "-"

    for example:

    if [tex]x \ \epsilon \ (A-B) \cup (B-C)[/tex]

    then [tex]x \ \epsilon \ (A-B) \ \ \ \ or \ \ \ \ x \ \epsilon \ (B-C)[/tex]

    you will end up with special cases of what x can be and you just need to show that for each case, x is also a member of the RHS. You will also need to do this same process with the RHS showing that every element of the RHS is also an element of the LHS.

    for part b, I think by "algebraicly" they just want you to use the distributive properties of union etc... on both sides and simplify the set as much as possible to show that they are really just different ways of writing the same set.
    Last edited: Feb 24, 2005
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