# Homework Help: Help with Newtons

1. Aug 16, 2004

### abc

can anyone help me in this problem ?????
see the attachment plz

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2. Aug 16, 2004

### abc

a = 5.4 newton >>>> i think it is not clear in the attachment ???

3. Aug 16, 2004

### Locrian

This problem sounds a bit tricky, but it really isn't. What they aren't telling you is that first you'll pull the box with whatever force you need to get it moving. Once you've done that it wants to know what force keeps it at a constant velocity.

Using newton's laws, what force on an object produces a constant velocity?

If you will answer that I'll help with the rest of the problem.

4. Aug 16, 2004

### HallsofIvy

The total weight of the objects is 9.0 Newtons. Since the coefficient of friction is 0.35, the friction force will be (0.35)(9.0) Newtons. The force necessary to keep them moving at constant velocity is exactly the force necessary to offset that.

5. Aug 16, 2004

### abc

thanx HallsofIvy ..... but the answer written in the book is 4.05 ( but i don't know the steps to bring this answer )
dear locrian..... do u mean this >>>> sum F= 0 ????
thanx guys ..... but plz continue to solve this problem

6. Aug 16, 2004

### arildno

Either you've been given insufficient information, or your book has an incorrect solution.
Let's look at the forces working on each object A, B in the horizontal direction
Object A:
1. The frictional force from the ground, $$-f_{G}$$
2. The frictional force between A and B:$$-f_{AB}$$
3. the rope tension: -T
4. The force you drag the along system with: f
Object B:
1. The frictional force between A and B:$$f_{AB}$$
2. the rope tension:-T
(I've added signs for assumed directions)

Are you with me on this?

7. Aug 16, 2004

### Gokul43201

Staff Emeritus
HallsofIvy, there's also friction between the blocks (I would imagine - maybe with the same coefficient).

But assuming that, I get F= 4.4N

abc, draw the free-body force diagram, and take it from there.

8. Aug 16, 2004

### arildno

We'll proceed:
The weight of object B is $$w_{B}$$, and we have therefore:
$$f_{AB}=\mu_{AB}w_{B}$$
where $$\mu_{AB}$$ is the friction coefficient between A and B

That A moves with constant velocity implies that B also moves with constant velocity, since otherwise, the rope length can't remain constant.

Hence, the rope tension must satisfy (by Newton's 2.law applied to object B in the horizontal direction):
$$T=\mu_{AB}w_{B}$$

Clearly, the normal force from the ground on object A must balance the weights of both objects; hence we have for the frictional force:
$$f_{G}=\mu_{G}(w_{A}+w_{B})$$

Newton's 2.law in the horizontal direction for object A must read:
$$f-f_{AB}-T-f_{G}=0$$
Or, solving for f:
$$f=\mu_{G}w_{A}+(\mu_{G}+2\mu_{AB})w_{B}$$
By setting $$\mu_{G}=\mu_{AB}=0.35$$ we gain:
$$f=0.35*(5.4+3*3.6)=0.35*16.2=5.67$$