Help with python GUI coding

  • #1
1,104
25

Homework Statement



To modify a future value program so that a user inputs the data w/ a GUI


Homework Equations



principal = principal * (1+apr)

The Attempt at a Solution



Anyone familiar w/ python coding? I'm a beginner. I'm absolutely stuck on this problem, I seem to have gotten everything, except I simply can not figure out how to write the program so that it can take the values the user inputs for principal and apr in the entry boxes and uses those values to run the equations for future value over 10 years. Been stuck on this for hours. Here's my code:


from graphics import *

def main():

# Get principal and interest rate in GUI
win = GraphWin("Future value calculator", 300, 300)
win.setCoords(0, 0, 300, 300)
Text(Point(75, 200), " Enter principal: "). draw(win)
Text(Point (75, 150), "Enter interest rate: ").draw(win)
input = Entry(Point(200, 200), 10).draw(win)
input = Entry(Point(200, 150), 10).draw(win)
button = Text(Point(150, 20), "Calculate")
button.draw(win)
Rectangle(Point(100, 10), Point(200, 30)).draw(win)


#mouse click
win.getMouse()


# Create a graphics window with labels on left edge
win = GraphWin("Investment Growth Chart", 320, 240)
win.setBackground("white")
win.setCoords(-1.75,-200, 11.5, 10400)
Text(Point(-1, 0), ' 0.0K').draw(win)
Text(Point(-1, 2500), ' 2.5K').draw(win)
Text(Point(-1, 5000), ' 5.0K').draw(win)
Text(Point(-1, 7500), ' 7.5k').draw(win)
Text(Point(-1, 10000), '10.0K').draw(win)


# Draw bar for initial principal
bar = Rectangle(Point(0, 0), Point(1, principal))
bar.setFill("green")
bar.setWidth(2)
bar.draw(win)

# Draw a bar for each subsequent year

for year in range(1, 11):
principal = principal * (1 + apr)
bar = Rectangle(Point(year, 0), Point(year+1, principal))
bar.setFill("green")
bar.setWidth(2)
bar.draw(win)

input("Press <Enter> to quit.")
win.close()

main()



I'm a beginner and have only been coding for 1.5 weeks, so I need simple explanations with no fancy expert coding tricks.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
trollcast
Gold Member
280
13
Firstly I'm going to suggest you use a different GUI package, TkInter is the standard one used with python, that graphics module isn't that great.

Once I managed to get the code reformatted correctly (always use [noparse]
Code:
[/noparse] tags around any code so that it maintains the correct formatting, especially important for python), I found the problem was you hadn't assigned apr and princpal values before you used them.

Code:
SNIP
    Text(Point(75, 200), " Enter principal: "). draw(win)
    Text(Point (75, 150), "Enter interest rate: ").draw(win)
    [COLOR="Red"]input1 = Entry(Point(200, 200), 10)
    input1.draw(win)
    input2 = Entry(Point(200, 150), 10)
    input2.draw(win)[/COLOR]
    
    SNIP

    Text(Point(-1, 7500), ' 7.5k').draw(win)
    Text(Point(-1, 10000), '10.0K').draw(win)

    [COLOR="Red"]principal = float(input1.getText())
    apr = float(input2.getText())[/COLOR]

    # Draw bar for initial principal
    bar = Rectangle(Point(0, 0), Point(1, principal))
    bar.setFill("green")
    bar.setWidth(2)
    bar.draw(win)

   SNIP
That shows what I had to edit (red bits) and where it is in relation to the rest of the code.

Its still given me an error when you try to close it but that should show you what you needed. Although definitely think about trying Tkinter unless this is for a course/class.

input1 = Entry(Point(200, 200), 10) , declares an object of type "Entry" with the specified parameters.

input1.draw(win) , draws the object onto the gui window.

principal = float(input1.getText()) , this sets the value of principal so you don't get the error, the getText() method returns the string that is currently in the Entry object. This then needs to be converted to a numeric type so it will work properly with the rest of the code. I've used float since the value can be a decimal.

Hope this helps abit.
 
  • #3
1,104
25
Yes, thanks very much. I was trying to follow the text book and totally missed the error in my code where I had .draw(win) after entry. I think that's what kept messing up. I think we'll learn tkinter later on in the class, we're just learning the very basics of making GUIs and object oriented programming for now.

Thanks again!
 

Related Threads on Help with python GUI coding

  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
Replies
2
Views
595
Replies
4
Views
2K
Replies
5
Views
414
Replies
8
Views
626
Replies
6
Views
2K
Replies
4
Views
933
Replies
11
Views
751
Top