# Highway Patrol Problem

Q. Suppose you are driving on the interstate at 85 mph when you see a highway patrol car parked up ahead. You apply your brakes, decelerating at a constant rate of 4 mph/sec until you're reduced your speed to 65 mph. You then maintain a constant speed of 65 mph. You pass the patrol car 15 seconds after you initially applied the brakes and are relieved that he doesn't pull out after you. How far away was the highway patrol car when you first saw it?

Ans. Two different situations to this problem,

1st situation,

we can find the time, it took to reduce the speed from 85 mph to 65 mph

t = (85mph - 65mph) / 4 m/s2

t = 5 seconds. ( Note: It decelarates in the first phase @ the rate of

4mph / sec.)

2nd Situation

Thereafter, it continues, at a constant rate of 65 mph.

Use constatnt acc. equation.

x - xo = vot + 1/2 at^2

Will vo be 65mph

and t = 10 seconds

a = -4 mph /sec
-----------------------------------

For the first situation, knowing the time t = 5 seconds,

we need to use

x - xo = vot + 1/2 at^2 again

Here, what would vo be?

t would be 5 seconds for sure.

I think 'a' would be 4mph /sec

Am I right with the variables.

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SpaceTiger
Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
Naeem said:
t = (85mph - 65mph) / 4 m/s2

t = 5 seconds. ( Note: It decelarates in the first phase @ the rate of

4mph / sec.)

x - xo = vot + 1/2 at^2

Will vo be 65mph

and t = 10 seconds

a = -4 mph /sec
It's not clear what you're doing here. If you're solving for the distance the car travels while moving at a constant 65 mph, then "a" should be zero because the velocity is constant. Also, you need consistency with your units. If your times are going to be in seconds, then your velocities and accelerations should be meters (or miles) per second and meters (or miles) per second squared, not miles per hour and miles per hour per second.

For the first situation, knowing the time t = 5 seconds,

we need to use

x - xo = vot + 1/2 at^2 again

Here, what would vo be?

t would be 5 seconds for sure.

I think 'a' would be 4mph /sec
You're right that "t" would be 5 seconds, but "a" would be -4 mph/sec (be sure to convert this before putting it in) and v0 would be 85 mph.

Got it !!!