I have this little idea for science-fiction story. It would be about the community of scientists, who investigate from the surface of the Earth the history of various planet. Alas, I came across serious technical problems. Do you think it could be possible to somehow extract information from beams of star light? Or to build lenses powerful enough to observe planet as if under the microscope? The problem is, however I will resolve this, I need a solid physics explanation. Could you help me?