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Homework help forces needed

  1. Sep 22, 2013 #1
    Homework help needed!!

    the problem is stated as follows:
    A playground is on the flat roof of a city school, 5.1 m above the street below (see figure). The vertical wall of the building is h = 6.20 m high, to form a 1.1-m-high railing around the playground. A ball has fallen to the street below, and a passerby returns it by launching it at an angle of θ = 53.0° above the horizontal at a point d = 24.0 m from the base of the building wall. The ball takes 2.20 s to reach a point vertically above the wall.

    (a) Find the speed at which the ball was launched. (18.11 m/s)
    (b) Find the vertical distance by which the ball clears the wall. (1.89)
    (c) Find the horizontal distance from the wall to the point on the roof where the ball lands.

    the answer to A) i got by V=d/t or v= 24 m/2.2 s and got 10.90 m/s then I divided 10.90/cos(53) and got the initial velocity of 18.11 m/s.
    B) i did displacement of y=voyt-1/2gt2 or Δy= (14.46 m/s)(2.2 s)-1/2(9.80 m/s2)(2.2)2 and got 8.09 m/s then i subtracted that from the height of the building so 8.09 m/s-6.20 m= 1.89 m

    C) this is where I am stumped i know you can use the quadratic equation but would like to learn the way in which you can use two different equations to bypass that. I just have no clue where to start.

    thanks for the help in advance!,
    Justin
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 22, 2013 #2

    TSny

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    Hello, jutman1776. Welcome to PF!

    Can you figure out the y-component of velocity when the ball lands on the roof without first finding the time?
     
  4. Sep 22, 2013 #3
    i did solve for the v-component as well which is 14.46 m/s
     
  5. Sep 22, 2013 #4

    TSny

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    That's the initial y-component of velocity. Can you find the final y-component of velocity at the instant the ball strikes the roof? Most textbooks will derive a formula that relates final velocity to initial velocity, acceleration, and displacement and does not contain the time. See if you can use this formula to determine the final y-component of velocity.
     
  6. Sep 22, 2013 #5
    i used vy2=voy2+2ayΔy or Vy2=(14.46 m/s2)+2(-9.80 m/s)(25.89m) and got 26.76 m
     
  7. Sep 22, 2013 #6

    TSny

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    How did you get Δy = 25.89m?
     
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