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Hooke's Law / SHM

  1. Apr 26, 2014 #1

    byu

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    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A 1.50 kg ball and a 2.00 kg ball are glued together with the lighter
    one below the heavier one. The upper ball is attached to a vertical ideal
    spring of force constant 165 N/m and the system is vibrating vertically with
    amplitude 15.0 cm. The glue connecting the balls is old and weak, and it
    suddenly comes loose when the balls are at the lowest position in their
    motion. Find the amplitude of the vibrations after the lower ball has come loose.

    2. Relevant equations
    ΣF=ma
    W=mg
    Fs=-kx
    m1=1.5kg
    m2=2kg

    3. The attempt at a solution
    ∑F=ma
    -kx1-(m1+m2)g=0
    x1=(m1+m2)g/k
    x1= .2079m

    .15m+x1=.3579m

    x2=(m2)g/k
    x2=.11879m

    .3579m - .11879m = .239m

    Even after solving it, I do not really understand what is going on in the problem. Why is x=.2079 with both of them attached, when the amplitude is .15m?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 26, 2014 #2
    x=.2079 is the displacement of the spring to the equilibrium point before the loosening. We are assuming in both cases that the masses vibrate about the equilibrium point.
     
  4. Apr 26, 2014 #3

    byu

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    So, it looks like this?
     

    Attached Files:

  5. Apr 26, 2014 #4
  6. Apr 26, 2014 #5

    byu

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    Thing is; when x2 = 0.11879m its amplitude is 0.239m. Wouldn't that overshoot into the wall and affect its amplitude?
     
  7. Apr 27, 2014 #6
    Good point but the assumption is that the spring has some minimum length, at least 0.208m. So your diagram should show this datum point and the wall offset that minimum amount.
     
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