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How Do I Find the Y-int?

  1. Feb 10, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    If I have a waveform that looks like it does in the attached picture, how can I figure out the y-int at the point where the line curves like triangle?



    3. The attempt at a solution

    This is confusing to me because I can figure out the slope of the triangle, but I don't see how there is a yint since the part of the form from x = 4 to x = 6 does not cross the y-axis.
     

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  3. Feb 10, 2013 #2

    SteamKing

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    Why do you want to find the y-intercept?

    Are you sure you don't want to find y-max?
     
  4. Feb 10, 2013 #3
    I figured that's the way I could solve for the function of this waveform.


    That is, I could find the function of the part of the wave

    1. from x = 0 to x = 4

    2. from x = 4 to x = 5

    3. from x = 5 to x = 6

    Then, after I've deduced the correct functions that define each of the 3 parts of the waveform, I'd just add them up.

    So, in my mind, since (2) is a slanted line, it must have an equation of the form y = mx+ b. m would simply be equal to [5-4]/[5-4] =1, but I don't see how I could get b.
     
  5. Feb 10, 2013 #4

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    To get the equation of the part of the waveform between x = 4 and x = 5, use the slope you found (1) and a point on the line. One of these appears to be (4, 4).

    The point-slope form of the equation of a line gives y - 4 = 1(x - 4), which simplifies to y = x.

    The point-slope form is:

    Given a line with slope m, that passes through the point (x0, y0), the equation of the line is

    y - y0 = m(x - x0)
     
  6. Feb 10, 2013 #5
    Okay, let me see if I get this right.

    1. The slope of (1) is [4-0]/[4-0] = 1

    2. Using this slope and the point (4,4) and plugging it into the y - y0 = m(x - x0) equation yields :

    y - 4 = 1(x - 4) -> y - 4 = x -4 -> y = x

    3. From this, my equation for (2) is then shown to be y = x?
     
  7. Feb 10, 2013 #6

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    It's y = x for 4 ≤ x ≤ 5. The formula is valid on that interval. Other intervals have different formulas.
     
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