Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

How do I integrate this?

  1. Jan 7, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    [tex] \int {x}{e^{0.1x}} dx[/tex]

    2. Relevant equations

    U-substitution, differentiating.

    3. The attempt at a solution

    We have [tex] \int {x}{e^{0.1x}} dx[/tex]

    Let [tex]u = 0.1x[/tex] therefore [tex]du = 0.1 dx[/tex] ==> [tex]dx = 10du[/tex]

    Substituting back into the equation and using the fact that [tex]x = 10u[/tex]:

    [tex] \int {10u}{e^{u}} 10 du[/tex] = [tex]100 \int {u}{e^u} du[/tex]

    At this point I'm stuck. Is there another, simpler method?
    Last edited: Jan 7, 2007
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 7, 2007 #2
    Use integration by parts.

    dv=e^(0.1x) dx
  4. Jan 7, 2007 #3

    George Jones

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    This looks OK.

    To proceed further, what is another (besides substitution) technique of integration?
  5. Jan 7, 2007 #4
    I haven't been studying integration for very long, but I learnt a method where you differentiate one part of the integral and express the integral in terms of the derivative, and then use the fact that [tex]\int f'(x) = f(x) + C[/tex]

    I'll have a shot:

    From [tex] \int {x}{e^{0.1x}} dx[/tex]

    [tex]\frac {d}{dx} {x}{e^{0.1x}} = {e^{0.1x}} + {0.1}{x}{e^{0.1x}} = {e^{0.1x}}({1} + {0.1}{x})[/tex]

    I don't know how to express the integral in terms of f'(x), though.
    Last edited: Jan 7, 2007
  6. Jan 7, 2007 #5


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    You have found
    [tex]\frac {d}{dx} xe^{0.1x} = e^{0.1x}(1 + 0.1x)[/tex]

    Multiply that by 10 and integrate both sides:

    [tex]10x{e^{0.1x}} = \int 10 e^{0.1x}dx + \int xe^{0.1x} dx[/tex]

    You know how to integrate

    [tex]\int 10 e^{0.1x}dx[/tex]

    This integration technique amounts to making a guess at what type of function the answer will be, and (if you guess right) reducing the problem to a simpler one.

    For this problem the standard method of integration by parts (which you might not have learned yet) will produce the answer without the need to guess what form it might take.
    Last edited: Jan 7, 2007
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook