How do we know the sun's orbit, through the galaxy?
I think we look other stars see where there going then we calucate how far we are from the center of the galaxy and then we put the data togther and we find the orbit
Thanks to IR telescopes we can see the center of the galaxy. And through redshift we can measure velocities of other stars and gauge our own velocities. Then a few simple formulas can answer a lot of questions.
But historically, our position in the galaxy caused great debate, with astronomers like Hubble and Kaptain (?sp) making their best guesses. Dust obscured their view of the galaxy's center, and hence caused inaccuracies in their guesses. Google their names for a better explanation.
Separate names with a comma.