# How Do You Derive an Explicit Formula from an Integral Equation?

• matrix_204
In summary: There is no general method. We do integration by using the "anti-derivative" of a function f: a function F whose derivative is f- and that often is a matter of "remembering" a correct f. There are ways of altering a function whose anti-derivative you do not immediately "remember" to a simpler function with a related anti-derivative- but those are often "ad hoc" and can be used only for certain situations. One of annoying things about learning (and teaching) "Calculus II" (generally "methods of integration" is that you have to learn many unrelated "methods" (tricks) that work only in limited situations.Speaking about
matrix_204
How do u find an explicit formula when given an integral of a function.
For example, the integral from 0 to x of tg(t)dt=x+x^2, how do u find the forumla for g(t)?

This involves a portion of the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus which says:

The function:

$$F(x) = \int_{0}^{x} f(t) dt$$

is an indefinite integral or antiderivative of f. That is:

$$F'(x) = f(x)$$

Explicit form is simply in terms of a function F.

Evaluate that integral by parts...(You could have written t*g(t),the way you did,it can be mistaken with "tangent" of 't').

Daniel.

There is no general method. We do integration by using the "anti-derivative" of a function f: a function F whose derivative is f- and that often is a matter of "remembering" a correct f. There are ways of altering a function whose anti-derivative you do not immediately "remember" to a simpler function with a related anti-derivative- but those are often "ad hoc" and can be used only for certain situations. One of annoying things about learning (and teaching) "Calculus II" (generally "methods of integration" is that you have to learn many unrelated "methods" (tricks) that work only in limited situations.

Last edited by a moderator:
Speaking about the Fundamental thm of calculus, i was wondering why is it that for F(x)= int from 0 to x for f(t)dt, the function F is the constant function 0?

Here, matrix_204, is the is the simplest answer you could possibly find:

Consider a function f(x). If this function is smooth, we can naturally associate with it another function A(x), defined as "the area between f(x) and the x-axis counted from the point x = 0 to x". We do not have a formula for A(x), but we know that it is a function because for each value x there is only one area A.

Now, consider breaking up the area under the curve f into many infinitesimally thin rectangles (the same type rectangles we use in a Reimann sum), each of which has an infinitesimal area dA. This is a very graphical argument, so I hope you are picturing these little rectangles dA. Now, how can we express the area of a little rectangle dA in terms of its height and width?

The height of the rectangle at point x is f(x) and the width of the rectangle is dx. So we have established the fundamental theorem:

dA = f(x) dx

dA/dx = f(x)

Now we can find a formula for A(x), it is the function whose derivative is f(x).

I am curious to see what anyone thinks of this derivation (which I made up, but do not expect to be unique to me). Obviously, it is about the loosest thing this side of Newton's fluxions, but in a certain real sense it works.

matrix_204 said:
Speaking about the Fundamental thm of calculus, i was wondering why is it that for F(x)= int from 0 to x for f(t)dt, the function F is the constant function 0?

It isn't,unless the integrand is identically zero

$$f(t) \equiv 0$$.

Daniel.

## 1. What is an explicit formula?

An explicit formula is a mathematical equation that explicitly expresses a variable or set of variables in terms of other known quantities. It is used to calculate the value of a specific variable or set of variables.

## 2. Why is finding an explicit formula important?

Finding an explicit formula is important because it allows us to easily calculate the value of a variable or set of variables, without having to rely on a table or graph. It also helps us to better understand the relationship between different variables in a mathematical equation.

## 3. How do I find an explicit formula?

The process of finding an explicit formula involves identifying the pattern or relationship between the variables in a mathematical equation. This can be done by analyzing the given data or by using algebraic manipulation to solve for the variables.

## 4. Are there different methods for finding an explicit formula?

Yes, there are different methods for finding an explicit formula, depending on the type of mathematical equation or problem. Some common methods include using algebraic manipulation, using geometric patterns, and using the method of finite differences.

## 5. Can an explicit formula always be found?

In most cases, an explicit formula can be found for a given mathematical equation or problem. However, there are some situations where an explicit formula may not exist, such as in chaotic systems or equations with infinite solutions.

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