How to calculate the pH

  • Thread starter Blazzok
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  • #1
Blazzok
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Homework Statement


I need to know how to do the following. If I have 1L of water with a pH of 7 and I add 1mL Vinegar with a pH of 2.4, what will the pH of the solution then be?
I now need to get the pH of the solution back to 7 by adding ammonia which has a pH of 11.6. How much of that do I need to add?


I don't need a solution to the problem, i just need to know the equations so that i can solve this problem.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
CompuChip
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What is the definition of pH?
 
  • #3
Blazzok
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What is the definition of pH?

pH = please Help?? -.-
 
  • #4
CompuChip
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Hehe, that's not a definition, it's a corollary :P

The pH of a solution is defined as -log [H+], minus the base-10 log of the concentration of H-ions. The trick is now to work with the concentrations. How many moles per litre do you have in both substances? How many when you put it together? Then how much is there in a litre of the new mixture?
 
  • #5
Borek
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Just don't forget vinegar and ammonia both mean weak acid/base, so just using concentration won't work.
 

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