# How to find the electric field inside a conducting wire

• KillaMarcilla
In summary: I don't mind waiting.In summary, the problem was trying to find the electric field inside a coaxial cable. First, you calculate the E field. Next, you calculate the B field using Ampere's law. Finally, you calculate the Poynting vector.
KillaMarcilla
Yo, d00dz, I can't remember how to find the electric field inside a conducting wire (actually a coaxial cable)

Here's the exact text of the problem:

A coaxial cable (inner radius a, outer radius b) is used as a transmission line between a battery E and a resistor R, as shown in Fig 19. (attached)

(a) Calculate E, B, for a < r < b.

There are some more parts, but I can probably handle them once I figure out how to calculate E, since B*c = E and I know the Poynting vector and how to integrate and whatnot

(b) Calculate the Poynting vector S for a < r < b. (c) By suitably integrating the Poynting vector, show that the total power flowing across the annular cross section a<r<b is E^2/R. Is this reasonable? (D) show that the direction of S is always from the battery to the resistor, no matter which way the battery is connected.

#### Attachments

• fig19.gif
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Originally posted by KillaMarcilla
(a) Calculate E, B, for a < r < b.

You know that the E field has no radial component, so the whole thing is parallel to the wire itself. You can get it via:

E=-[nab]V,

where V is the potential of the battery. In this case, you simply have E=V/d for the magnitude.

For the B field, use the integral form of Ampere's law:

&int;B.ds=&mu;0ienc

Since the whole current of the inner cable is included in the Amperian loop, this is not a difficult task.

(b) Calculate the Poynting vector S for a < r < b.

Easy: S=(1/&mu;0)ExB.

You need to get the directions of E and B right first.

Last edited:
Sweet

I figured it'd be that, but for some reason someone wrote some weird answer in the margins of my textbook, so I wasn't really sure

The answer in the book was Efield = E/r*ln(a/b)
and B = (mu 0)*E/(2*pi*R*r)

Originally posted by KillaMarcilla
The answer in the book was Efield = E/r*ln(a/b)

That's the E field inside a cylindrical capacitor, if I'm not mistaken. We don't have that here, because there is no net charge on the cables.

and B = (mu 0)*E/(2*pi*R*r)

That's close, but instead of E/R you should have the enclosed current.

Excellent, excellent, thanks again

I'm glad to hear that the sensible answer was in fact the right one

I could've sworn I'd seen that strange formula before, and now I know where

I guess a previous owner of the book just ended up searching frantically for a formula that fit, and came up with the one for the E-field in a capacitor

If you ever need help with something related to web programming, just drop me a line, d00d

I might take you up on your offer, but only for making a simple webpage.

Hope you stick around and use the rest of the forums!

Hmm, I just got home and started on it again, and this is kind of throwing me off

The E field is parallel to the conductor, right? And then the B field should be clockwise or counterclockwise around it, shouldn't it?

Wouldn't that indicate that ExB is always radially outward from the center of the conductor?

That seems ridiculous, since energy is flowing from the battery to the resistor and then out into the great unknown, but maybe the Poynting vector isn't really valid for this case, I dunno

If this isn't too tricky, could you clear me up on it real quick-like?

If it'd be a lot of trouble, don't worry about it

## 1. What is the formula for calculating the electric field inside a conducting wire?

The formula for calculating the electric field inside a conducting wire is E = V/R, where E is the electric field, V is the voltage, and R is the resistance of the wire.

## 2. How does the electric field vary inside a conducting wire?

The electric field inside a conducting wire varies depending on the voltage and resistance of the wire. Generally, the electric field is stronger at the ends of the wire where there is a larger voltage drop and weaker in the middle where there is less resistance.

## 3. Can the electric field inside a conducting wire be negative?

Yes, the electric field inside a conducting wire can be negative. This can occur when the voltage is lower at one end of the wire compared to the other end, causing the direction of the electric field to be reversed.

## 4. How does the diameter of a conducting wire affect the electric field inside?

The diameter of a conducting wire does not have a direct effect on the electric field inside. However, a thicker wire may have a lower resistance, which can impact the strength of the electric field.

## 5. Is the electric field inside a conducting wire affected by the material it is made of?

The material of the conducting wire does not significantly affect the electric field inside. However, different materials may have different resistances, which can indirectly affect the electric field. Additionally, some materials may have higher melting points, making them more suitable for high voltage applications.

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