How to get capacitance from potential FEM

  • Thread starter rinale84
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  • #1
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Hi guys,
I hope this is the correct section otherwise I apologize :).The goal is to find the capacity of a non linear capacitance composed by an upper plate which has a cup shape and the lower plate which is flat.
The problem is the following: by means of a FEM simulation of the Poisson equation I was able to find the potential but once I got it how can I get the capacitance?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
maajdl
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C = Q/V

You still need the charge.
If it is not immediately available, you need to calculate it:
- the field at the surface gives the charge density
- summing over the whole surface will provide Q
 
  • #3
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Excuse my silly question I don't remember why the electric filed at the surface gives the surface charge density..thank u very much
 
  • #4
Delta2
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Not exactly the electric field but the divergence of electric field. Thats the differential form of gauss law http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gauss_law#Differential_form

Since you have the potential, it is the laplacian of the potential that gives the charge density.

PS i dont remember how to calculate the laplacian for numerical data.
 
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  • #5
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I think some function in matlab will be helpful... But the integration of the chrage density should be performed on the volume and not on the surface!Am i wrong?
 
  • #7
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I am not sure I am in this situation the plates of the capacitor are made of a polymer and inside the two plates we have water. Above the polymer there is a layer of conductive material on which we apply the potential...Besides how the charge will behave when i apply a potential difference among the plates? The water should polarize am I wrong? Sry if I forgot this fundamental detail before...
 
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