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How to integrate (Cos[x])/x

  1. Sep 10, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    ∫[itex]\frac{Cos(x)}{x}[/itex] dx


    2. Relevant equations

    Taylor series expansion for Cos(x)

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I have used Taylor series to find the product of (1/x) * (cos[x]). After integration i get

    In[x] - x^2/8 + x^4/96 + x^6/4320+....

    I don't know what to do next, is that the answer, or there is a way of finding the function represented by the series above.
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 10, 2013 #2

    Ray Vickson

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    Homework Helper

    Up to an additive constant the integral is a non-elementary function called Ci(x). There is no finite, closed-form expression for Ci(x) that involves only elementary functions such as powers, roots, exponentials, trig functions, etc. That is provable: it is not just that nobody has been smart enough to find the formula, but, rather, that it has been rigoroursly proven that no such formula can possibly exist!
     
  4. Sep 10, 2013 #3
    Thank you very much.
     
  5. Sep 11, 2013 #4

    vanhees71

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    Science Advisor
    2016 Award

    Well, you are allowed to integrate the series term by term (think about why!). That shows that the integral exists. What doesn't exist is an expression in terms of elementary funktions (i.e., polynomials and exponential functions and their inverses).
     
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