# How to reduce?

1. ### yukcream

59
How to reduce the equation: Show how the equation u(t)+Int( 0->t) {[e^a(t-t1)]u(t1)}dt1 = k can be reduced to a differential equation and obtain an intial condidtion for the equation.

Remarks: Int(0->t): integral from 0 to t !

12,015

3. ### yukcream

59
Yes I know I have to differential but if the diff. it with respect to t , what will happen to the second term on the left hand side?

4. ### lurflurf

2,327
Use the Leibniz Integral Rule.
$$\frac{d}{dt}\int_{a(t)}^{b(t)}f(x,t)dx=\int_{a(t)}^{b(t)} \partial_tf(x,t)dx+f(x,t)\partial_tx|_{x=a(t)}^{x=b(t)}$$
$$\frac{d}{dt}\int_{a(t)}^{b(t)}f(x,t)dx=\int_{a(t)}^{b(t)} \frac{\partial}{\partial t}f(x,t)dx+f(x,t){\partial x}{\partial t}\right|_{x=a(t)}^{x=b(t)}$$
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LeibnizIntegralRule.html
for the initial condition you should know that
$$\int_0^0 f(x) dx=0$$

Last edited: Aug 23, 2005