I am attempting to find the probability, after time [itex]t[/itex], of a hydrogen atom in a magnetic field [itex]\vec{\mathbf{B}}=B_0\hat{\mathbf{z}}[/itex] to go from(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

[tex]

\left|n,l,s,j,m_j\right\rangle \longrightarrow \left|n',l',s,j',m_j'\right\rangle

[/tex]

where [itex]j=l+\frac{1}{2}[/itex] and [itex]j'=l'+\frac{1}{2}[/itex] or [itex]j'=l'-\frac{1}{2}[/itex]. Since it is hydrogen then [itex]s=s'=\frac{1}{2}[/itex].

What I thought I should do was use the Hamiltonian

[tex]

\hat{H}=-\vec{\boldsymbol{\mu}}\cdot\vec{\mathbf{B}}=\frac{e}{2m}(\vec{\mathbf{L}}+2\vec{\mathbf{S}})

[/tex]

and then I get the matrix element for the transition,

[tex]

\left\langle n',l',s',j',m_j'\right|\hat{H}\left|n,l,s,j,m_j \right\rangle=\frac{\hbar e}{2m} B_0g_Jm_j\langle n',l',s',j',m_j'|n,l,s,j,m_j\rangle

[/tex]

where [itex]g_F[/itex] is the Lande g-factor. I would have used this in time-dependent perturbation theory to get the probability after time [itex]t[/itex], however, while this does give me a non-zero element for [itex]j'=l'+\frac{1}{2}[/itex] (where we would have [itex]l'=l[/itex]), it is zero due to orthogonality for the other case ([itex]j'=l'-\frac{1}{2}[/itex]). Is there something wrong with the way I am going about this?

I really appreciate any comments.

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# Hydrogen Atom in Magnetic Field

Can you offer guidance or do you also need help?

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