1. Heat Transfer A copper slug whose mass mc is 75g is heated in a laboratory oven to a temperature T of 3120C. The slug is then dropped into a glass beaker containing a mass mw =220g of water. The heat capacity Cb of the beaker is 45 cal/K. The initial temperature Ti of the water and the beaker is 120C. What is the final temperature Tf of the slug, the beaker, and the water when thermal equilibrium is reached? Would this look about right? mc(water)+mc(copper calorimeter) +mc (beaker) = 0. 2. How to Make Ice Without a Refrigerator On a clear moonless night, the sky acts like a blackbody radiator at a temperature Ts= -230 C. You thermally insulate a container from the ground (by placing a poorly conducting layer of straw beneath it). Then you pour water into the container, forming a thin, uniform layer with mass m=4.5 g, with surface area A = 9.0 cm2 and depth= 5.0 mm. The emissivity is .9, and initial temperature 6.00C. Find the time required for the water to freeze via radiation. On this one I am super lost, no idea from where to start. 3. The Ideal Gas Law A cylinder contains 12 L of oxygen at 200C and 15 atm. The temperature is raised to 350C, and the volume is reduced to 8.5 L. What is the final pressure of the gas in atmospheres? Same as the other one, if you guys/gals can point me to the right direction formula wise that would be great.