I need some serious help

  • #1
Hi I'm AllAmericanGirl2004,

I need some serious help in my AP Physics class. This last unit, on forces is nearly killing me. Maybe you guys can help me understand this. Here's a problem I'm stuck on...

Tarzan plans to cross a gorge by swinging in an arc from a hanging vine. If his arms are capable of exerting a force of 1600 N, what is the max speed he can tolerate at the lowest point of his swing? His mass is 80kg and the vine is 6.8 m long.

Now, it seems to me that the net force is 1600 N and since Tarzan's mass is 80kg, wouldn't you just say that using the F=ma equation that 1600=80a? But that seems way too easy....I don't know. HELP!!!
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Tarzan is moving in an arc...that means that centripetal acceleration is involved...(since he's moving in a circular direction).

Thusly, there is a centripetal force acting on Tarzan (Fc = mv^2/R) and the graviational force as well (F = mg)....basically...work with that info...and also...try to draw a free body diagram as well.
 
  • #3
Okay thanks....

K, so the Fc is the net force right? and what's the R again? R is the length of the vine? But wait, how do you incorparate both equations at once??
 
  • #4
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At the bottom, there are two forces acting on him--his weight and the centripital force. The equation for weight is mg, the equation for centripital force is (mv^2)/r. r is the radius of the circle that the arc is from. m is the mass, and g is gravity. The total force on him at the bottom of the arc would be (mv^2)/r+mg. Since m, g, and r are all constants, the only variable you're working with is v. See what the maximum velocity is that tarazan can handle (his arms can only handle 1600N).
 

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