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## Homework Statement

A monatomic ideal gas has pressure p_1 and temperature T_1. It is contained in a cylinder of volume V_1 with a movable piston, so that it can do work on the outside world.

Consider the following three-step transformation of the gas:

1. The gas is heated at constant volume until the pressure reaches A p_1 (where A >1).

2. The gas is then expanded at constant temperature until the pressure returns to p_1.

3. The gas is then cooled at constant pressure until the volume has returned to V_1.

It may be helpful to sketch this process on the pV plane.

**PART A: How much work W_2 is done by the gas during step 2?**

Express the work done in terms of p_1, V_1, and A.

PART B: How much work W_3 is done by the gas during step 3?

If you've drawn a graph of the process, you won't need to calculate an integral to answer this question.

Express the work done in terms of p_1, V_1, and A.

Express the work done in terms of p_1, V_1, and A.

PART B: How much work W_3 is done by the gas during step 3?

If you've drawn a graph of the process, you won't need to calculate an integral to answer this question.

Express the work done in terms of p_1, V_1, and A.

Similar question found here:

https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=169736

## Homework Equations

pv = nrt

## The Attempt at a Solution

Part a= ????? (i dont know where to start)??

Part b = ?????